Perpetrator: Mahmud of Ghazni
Year/Period: 997-1030 AD
Number: 2 Million Hindus killed or enslaved
Mahmud of Ghazni was an Islamic invader from Afghanistan, who raided India 17 times and looted the wealth of many Hindu temples, including the Somnath temple.
But his crimes are not limited to plundering wealth.
He slaughtered or enslaved 2 million Hindus, and sent the slaves to Ghazni, where they were either sold or forced to serve the generals.
Mahmud’s secretary al-Utbi records:
“Swords flashed like lightening amid the blackness of clouds, and fountains of blood flowed like the fall of setting star. The friends of god defeated their opponents….the Musalmans wreaked their vengeance on the infidel enemies of god killing 15,000 of them…making them food of the beasts and birds of prey….god also bestowed on his friends such an amount of booty as was beyond all bounds and calculations, including 500,000 slaves beautiful men and women”
M. A. Khan, ‘Islamic Jihad: A Legacy of Forced Conversion, Imperialism, and Slavery.’ p 191